Arno A. Evers FAIR-PR

 

Visit to NOORo I to III http://www.aaevers.com/
Visit to NOORo I to III
   

Visit to NOORo I to III
the largest complex in the world
using Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) on a single site
in Ouarzazate, Morocco
as part of the SolarPACES 2018 conference,
October 6, 2018

SolarPACES 2018 Conference:

Visit to NOORo I to III

I am now again participating @ SolarPACES 2018

SolarPACES (Solar Power and Chemical Energy Systems) is holding SolarPACES 2018 conference from October 02 - 05, 2018 in Casablanca, Morocco.
The conference claims, (Quote): "... to again offer a scientific and technical conference program that provides an opportunity for industry, research, political and financing stakeholders and experts around the world to gather and share insights into recent R&D activities and new developments in CSP technology with a focus on development, marketing and commercialization...." Unquote.

"My" topic: Hydrogen was only touched briefly and politely hidden under topics as:
"Solar Fuels and Chemical commodities..."
Hydrogen had a better standing in other SolarPACES conferences in former years, maybe the hay-days are over?
Who knows?
See here, just for comparison, the Poster, I presented @ SolarPACES 2009 in Berlin, Germany:
http://www.hydrogenambassadors.com/meet-aae/solarpaces2009/index.php
Every word on it is even more valuable today than it was than.

However, I will: "...keep patient, positive and continue to educate, inspire and enlighten all of us ...", as Luigi Bonadio, an Energy specialist from Melbourne, Australia commented it recently on one of my last postings.

There will be more to come, much more ...

Impressions of the SolarPACES 2018 conference


The Masen Presentation at The NOORo Information Center, Oct 6, 2018


 

General thoughts on NOORo I to III

Visit to NOORo I to III

Today, I will, as a part of the SolarPACES 2018 conference, ride 460 km on a bus to Ouarzazate Solar Power Station (OSPS), also called Noor Power Station (ور, Arabic for light), a solar concentrated power complex located in South Morroco.

The entire CSP Solar Project is planned to produce 580 MW at peak and is being built in three phases and in four parts.

The total project is expected to cost $9 billion.

The plant will be able to store solar energy in the form of heated molten salt, allowing for the production of electricity into the night.
Phase 1 comes with a full-load molten salt storage capacity of 3 hours.
Noor II, and Noor III, store energy for up to eight hours. It covers an area of 2,500 hectares (6,178 acres).

The project is being developed with the help of the Spanish consortium TSK-Acciona-Sener and is the first in a series of planned developments at the Ouarzazate Solar Complex by the Moroccan Agency for Solar Energy (MASEN).

Water consumption for the Ouarzazate Noor complex is estimated at 2.5 to 3 million m3 per year for one wet- cooling project (Noor I) and two dry (air) – cooling projects (Noor II and III) and due to the need to clean the reflectors regularly. Source: wikipedia I will check it myself and let you know my findings...


 

1.1 Why grid connections?

Visit to NOORo I to III

It is amazing that all renewable energies feed their electricity into the grid.

It all started with hydropower and was then adopted uncritically for wind energy, photovoltaic and concentrated solar energy.
Until the 1970s there were many smaller, privately and de-centrally managed hydropower plants in Germany, which were gradually cut down by the power plants and the network operators.
We as end-users have accepted all this uncritically and without complaint and now we have to see how to cope with "our" disaster of "our" energy infrastructure.
We have already paid for this infrastructure several times and continue to pay more each day, mostly without even noticing..
The pollution and health costs are not yet priced in.

Nice for those who own and operate this infrastructure and who can live on it more than well. Can responsible people within this system also sleep well? I doubt that. Read my essay about those question here:  http://www.hydrogenambassadors.com/background/arnos-energy-idea47.php

My original photo was taken on Oct 6, 2018, at NOORo 1 to 3 in Ouarzazate, Morocco, the (currently) largest Concentrated Solar Energy (CSP) complex in the world.
With just a total installed capacity of 510 MWe (turbine power capacity). In the best case, this does not even equal half of a small nuclear power plant.
And there are hundreds of nuclear plants, much larger than 1000 MWe ...

Visit to NOORo I to III


A guided tour at the NOORo I to II venue in Ouarzazate, Morocco, October 6, 2018


 

NOORo I

Visit to NOORo I to III

My thoughts on renewable energy, here: NOORo I in Ouarzazate, Morocco

October 6, 2018, I had the unique opportunity, together with four busloads of participants in the SolarPACES 2018 conference in Casablanca, Morocco, to visit today`s world's largest Concentrated Solar Power CSP Complex as part of the Technical Tour.
Let's start, after checking out my general considerations:
https://lnkd.in/gRRjx6y

NOORo I first:
400 Ha = 4.000.000 = 4 Mio M² Surface area of the solar field 1.3 Mio M² Total reflective area 240 km SENERtrough(R) parabolic trough collector system

160 MWe Turbine power capacity, connected to the Marocain electricity grid, with all its following losses. In transforming up/down.

The effective Thermal storage capacity of NOORo I claimed to be 3 hours (equivalent hours of turbine operation).

The amount of fresh water needed, to cool the turbine cycle is not prominently mentioned. I will find it out. Addition water for cleaning the surfaces of the troughs is needed, too.

All in all a heat/turbine/generator technology, 130 years old and which did not change much from its introduction by people like Edison, Westinghouse, Tesla, and Siemens.
Sources: SENER (The way to see the future) and: masen (endless power for progress)
Photo: Self.

Arno's personal impressions from NOORo I


 

NOORo II

Visit to NOORo I to III

I hereby continue my coverage of our visit October 6, 2018, to NOORo I to III in Ouarzazate, Morroco as part of the SolarPACES 2018 conference. Let's come to NOORo II:
Here are some key figures:
272 km SENERtrough(R)-2 parabolic trough collector system ...

700 Ha = 7.000.000 m² Surface area of the solar field ...

1.8 Mio sqm total reflecting area ...

200 MWe Turbine power capacity ...

6 h Thermal storage capacity (equivalent hours of turbine operation) ...

What looks like at my original, on-site photo as heavy machinery, is in fact heavy machinery:
A partial view of the immense air cooling system for the turbine cycle needed due to the laws of thermodynamics...
An association with Renewable Energies is rather remote and hard to understand


 

NOORo III:

Visit to NOORo I to III

Visit to NOORo I to III

Hereby let us continue my coverage of our visit October 6, 2018, to NOORo I to III in Ouarzazate, Morocco as part of the SolarPACES 2018 conference.

Let's come to NOORo III, a Concentrated Solar Power pant (CSP) with a central tower receiver and molten salt heat storage technology, allowing a 5 hours reserve to make electricity after sunset.

Here are some key figures:

Tower height: 250 meter

Total reflecting area: 1.3 Million square meter (sqm)

Surface area of the Solar fields: 550 Ha = 5.500.000 sqm

Number of Heliostat: 7.400

Receiver thermal power: 660 MWt

Turbine power capacity: 150 MWe

Thermal storage capacity: 7.5 hours (equivalent hours of turbine operation)

NOORo III is the development of Gemasolar in Seville, Spain, which I also visited, alongside another CSP conference.

 


NOORo III Gallery


 

Morocco turns the Sahara desert into a solar energy oasis

Source: PBS NewsHour
The PBS NewsHour is an American daily evening television news program that is broadcast on the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS), airing seven nights a week on more than 350 of the public broadcaster's member stations. As the nation's first hour-long nightly news broadcast, the program is known for its in-depth coverage of issues and current events. ...The PBS NewsHour originates from WETA's studio facilities in Arlington County, Virginia (for its weekday editions), and the Tisch/WNET Studios at Lincoln Center in Manhattan (for its weekend editions); additional facilities are located in San Francisco and Denver. The program is a collaboration between WETA-TV, WNET, and fellow PBS member stations KQED in San Francisco, KETC in St. Louis and WTTW in Chicago, USA.

 


Back from Ouarzazate to Casablanca, 450 km in 9 hours


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