Convention Center, Room 2
International Conference, April 25, 2001
On the way to
a Hydrogen Economy
The third part of
the conference is oriented towards the technology progress of Hydrogen
and Fuel Cells applications since the HANNOVER FAIR 2000. It offers
a comprehensive view for international visitors of the fair and to media
representatives about the state of the art and the prospects on the
way to the hydrogen economy.
In the first topic
of the program "Production of Fuel of choice" international
speakers are explaining new steps in the industrial production of hydrogen.
International experts are going to show their solutions to the use of
renewable energy from wind or water power. Representatives from worldwide
market-dominating companies are speaking about the production of Hydrogen
Under the heading
"Applications - ready for the market" producers of Fuel Cells
for stationary electrical power and heat represent experience with a
few hundred installed systems worldwide. Contributions of international
experts about Micro Fuel Cells for the electrical supply of portable
applications complete this part of the congress.
of international companies, associations and banks, for whom the theme
of Fuel Cells represents an important task, take part in the final discussion
with the motto: "Visions only lead to actions". The theme
attends to these new technologies and their technological, financial
and strategically challenge. It explains the way from Research and Development
to commercialization and deals with the question how to reach a wide
acceptance by the population.
The Deutsche Messe
AG strengthens its unique position as an initiator in this congress-program
for the industrial implementation of technology on the way to a new
factor of economic.
Arno A. Evers FAIR-PR
Team Arno A. Evers FAIR-PR, Starnberg
of Fuel of choice
Generally there have to be a number of changes before we come to
a hydrogen-based economy: The public acceptance has to be improved
- to oil or gas we are used to but hydrogen is new to many people.
And nearly no one knows, that hydrogen is used since years from
the food industry (e.g. production of chocolate) without any problems.
In the first years of a hydrogen-based economy it is also important
for a good start, that there is no petroleum tax on hydrogen (as
until today) as an energy carrier. The more the energy market will
be liberalized, the more competitive renewable energies are going
Also we should think about the fact, the USA is spending 15 up to
20 times more money for research and development in hydrogen-technology
than in Germany.
Ing. Gotthard G. Sonneborn
In Europe there is the potential to produce enough hydrogen
for a hydrogen-based economy, in Northern Germany e.g. through
offshore wind-parks. This renewable energies can be used in
combination with electrolyse to produce the energy carrier
hydrogen. But at the moment the direct use from electricity
via the power grid is more effective.
Kloed, Managing Director
Norsk Hydro Electrolysers AS, Norway
We should use our existing resources on natural gas more
environmentally friendly through reforming into hydrogen.
Our natural gas will last for approximately 10 or 15 years
and the necessary units for using it with hydrogen are already
there. Of course this process should take place together with
the use of renewable energies. To reach this target we should
do more research and development concerning electrolyse.
Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine
The infrastructure must be improved step by step for hydrogen.
Probable this will take place together with an improvement
of the traditional power supply. At the beginning hydrogen
will close gaps in the decentralized energy market. I can
imagine future use in the a combined system from hydrogen-car
and home-energy-supply: The car will be an additional energy-storage
and can for example cover a part of the power for your home.
Necessary conditions for a hydrogen-based economy are
homogeneous standards and norms worldwide. The infrastructure
for the hydrogen-car can look like this:
The first thousand cars are on the street
Several 100,000 hydrogen-cars are running. Perhaps 16%
of the filling station will offer hydrogen to ensure an
Hydrogen-cars will be 50% of the used vehicles.
the future car producers, energy groups and petroleum companies
will work closer together.
- ready for the market
In the sector of hydrogen-technology and fuel cells there are
many different solutions, therefore it is necessary to consider about
the suitable fuel cell for varying application fields.
Independent power supply, meaning your own power unit at home, of
course is not welcome by the suppliers of electric power. But you
can imagine, that these companies provide their customers with a back-up
system (using fuel cells) as an additional service.
In the Third World there are many regions without connection to the
electrical grid. This could be a huge market, if the people there
can afford the technology.
Senior Vice President, CTO and co founder IdaTech
Bend, OR, USA
The first applications for fuel cells ready to merchandize
will be back-up systems. In California we have had use for
them recently. The technology is prepared to provide electric
power in milliseconds. And as there are more and more suppliers
for components, the fuel cell will be affordable in the near
future. If we are using PEMFC or AFC, I cannot say yet. We
will use a PEM fuel cell in our smaller stationary systems
ALSTOM BALLARD GmbH
Frankfurt/ Main, Germany
From the start we are interested in the upper performance
range of fuel cells. We want to build applications with 250
kW. Currently Alstom Ballard is running six test-units with
212 kW performance together with Ballard Generation System.
Beside the advantages like environmentally friendly, low sound
emission and cost efficiency, the life-cycle of this stacks
is perfect for back-up systems. The sector with stationary applications
will benefit from the public image thrust released by the first
Chief Fuel Cell Scientist
Manhattan Scientifics, Inc.
Los Alamos, NM, USA
In several years micro fuel cells will push portable applications
for hydrogen-technology. With ten times higher capacity, these
devices will be cash cows due to their longer time of use. At
present mobile phones, laptops, etc. are already high-tech units,
so the consumer will pay for this new technology. This will
be a large market, also I can think of FCs with 700W e.g. for
bicycles or wheel-chairs. The first prototypes for portable
applications will be in use approximately in one year.
break; visit of the Group Exhibits
Hydrogen + Fuel Cells in Hall 13 and Hall 18
only lead to actions
A future vision is not easy to be built. Visionaries with a high
competence for hydrogen and fuel cells are needed. The fuel cell seems
to be universally usable and then to be profitable for the companies.
Maybe sometime we live to see a future with only one tax: the energy
Fuel Cells 2000
Washington, DC, USA
Fuel cells have the potential to create new markets and to
dominate them. From 2003 on products ready for the market will
be available. The technology must bring performance and the
market must be confronted with realistic prizes. However, the
public must be better informed about hydrogen to increase the
European Fuel Cell Forum
The development in the market of hydrogen technology can
not be restricted to several countries. In this area it can
only be to work together e.g. there are various close co-operations
between the USA and Europe. It is more less a worldwide development.
Dr. David Bellamy
Scientist, London, UK
The development of the industrial society has been being
able by the use of fossil fuel at first. But now we have big
environment damages and problems by that. It is the time for
a new technology now. Hydrogen, a clean and safe energy solution,
should be used more intensive. For our environments sake. But
the publics acceptance for that must be increased. John Cleese
or James Bond should advertise it. This new technology must
be made "sexy".
CEO, Mannesmann Pilotentwicklungsgesellschaft mbH, Munich, Germany
We went in the hydrogen technology years ago because we are
convinced of the potential of this sector. From the beginning
on we concentrated on the periphery needed around the stack.
Complete concepts like fuel processing or stack management we
are also interested in. We always concentrate on the whole system.
To go to the market as early as possible we also took care of
related systems like e.g. APU (current additional supply in
cars via fuel cells). A central new task energy management will
be (e.g. with special heat exchangers).
Business Leader Europe
Industrial Products Division
W.L. Gore & Associates GmbH
Apart other well known products like our membrane Goretex
we invest for ten years now in the fuel cell technology. We
believe that the first niche applications with fuel cells can
be utilized in the next few years. Then it will be possible
to make a profit by hydrogen technologies before by the hydrogen
Director Equity Research
It is not easy to find a solution to cover the need for energy.
This will only be possible step by step and with different applications.
A big market normally develops after the breakthrough of one
product, then other ones will follow.
The investors like to do short-term investments. To make that
profitable it is not only technology companies need but also
a clear concepts. But investors will surely tend to enter that
Messe AG, Hannover
For more information about the Energy Summit go to:
Arno A. Evers FAIR-PR
Tel.: +49 8151 998923
Fax: +49 8151 9989243